A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labor, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming as an agricultural practice, and expansionism.

Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.

Latest News for: Ancient civilization


The Cosmos of Ancient Greece’s Antikythera Mechanism

Greek Reporter 02 Mar 2024
Ancient Greece’s priceless Antikythera Mechanism, the world’s first computer displayed at the National Archaeological Museum ... Alexander made possible the great city of Alexandria, Egypt, which, under the leadership of his general Ptolemy, became the preeminent Greek polis of science and civilization in the ancient world....

Ancient path reserved for emperor, magnificent gate discovered in east China

People Daily 02 Mar 2024
Additionally, a river moat was dug outside the gate and city walls of the ancient capital ... Starting from 2017, the researchers have excavated a total of 12,000 square meters of the site, discovering new research materials for further studies on the ancient history and civilization of Nanjing....

Archaeologists uncover Pompeii fresco depicting mythological Greek siblings

Greek City Times 02 Mar 2024
Archaeologists have made a groundbreaking discovery in the ancient city of Pompeii, unearthing a series of vibrant frescoes that cast light on the Roman city's rich cultural and artistic heritage ... Through these artistic remnants, we continue to learn about the societal values, myths, and artistic achievements that defined ancient Roman civilization....

10 Stunning Ancient Ruins to Explore in 2024

ListVerse 02 Mar 2024
... ancient ruins of long-gone civilizations that have yet to […]....

Narrative arc set in stone

China Daily 02 Mar 2024
It was the continual, omnidirectional flow of communication among the nation's ancient cultures that helped to form the foundation of Chinese civilization as we know it today, Zhao Xu reports ... would not have existed," says Teng Shu-ping, a leading scholar of ancient Chinese jade....

Babylon’s Temple of Ninmakh, the Mesopotamian Goddess of Humankind

Ancient Origins 02 Mar 2024
Found within ancient epics such as the Akkadian Atrahasis and the Sumerian Enki and Ninmah, which recount her role in the creation of humanity ... Ninmakh, similar to Isis, held prominence as a benevolent mother goddess within the ancient Mesopotamian pantheon ... Interior of the Temple of Ninmakh at the ancient city of Babylon in Iraq....

Lore of the rings

China Daily 02 Mar 2024
Exquisite jade discs and rings help illustrate how ancient Chinese civilizations learned to shape intractable natural resources, and in doing so, developed a thriving culture that still resonates today, Zhao Xu reports. If there's one type of item that embodies the ancient Chinese ......

Women's Day Horoscope 2024: Embrace your inner Goddess as per your zodiac sign

Hindustan Times 02 Mar 2024
In ancient times, wise people believed every woman was like a goddess ... Before men became more dominant in society, many ancient civilizations were led by women and focused on worshipping goddesses ... Aries ... Diana, the goddess of the hunt, wilderness, animals, moon, and adventure, was admired by the Ancient Romans for her free spirit and love of nature....

Translatability of Divine Names in Ancient Civilizations

Bitchute 01 Mar 2024
Go to the source via the article link to view the video or lcik the video icon .......

Lima native and author to appear on History Channel

Lima Ohio 01 Mar 2024
Heather Lynn is an archaeologist and historian who will appear on “Ancient Aliens” at 8 p.m ... The press release also states Lynn studies ancient mysteries. Lynn published a book titled “The Anunnaki Connection.” The book details the past civilization of the Anunnaki and its relation to the present....

Grave of Howard Carter and tombs of ancient Egypt

Daily Sabah 01 Mar 2024
In his book, 'The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt,' Toby Wilkinson remarks, 'Ancient Egypt seems to have been a civilization obsessed with death.' However, he adds, 'if we look more .......

Amber Road: The Ancient Trade Route of the ‘Northern Gold’

Greek Reporter 01 Mar 2024
The Amber Road was an ancient route linking northern Europe to the Mediterranean through which amber often referred to as “northern gold” was traded from around 1500 BC to 300 BC ... It facilitated the spread of ideas, technologies, and cultures, and it contributed to the development of various ancient civilizations .......

Building bridges and unlocking potential: Reflecting on the AFASU trade mission to Egypt

TravelDailyNews 01 Mar 2024
Egypt is renowned for its ancient civilization and iconic Pyramids, yet the country offers much more to the discerning traveler ... leave behind, drawing tourists fascinated by ancient wonders, and emphasize responsible practices to ensure the preservation for generations to come....