A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labor, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming as an agricultural practice, and expansionism.

Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.

Latest News for: Ancient civilization


Documentary film on Buddhist Heritage of Pakistan: Tracing roots of Gandhara Civilization

Urdu Point 05 Dec 2021
The Buddhist Heritage of Pakistan", featuring rich Buddhist heritage has showcased the Gandhara civilization that flourished between the 1st century CE to 7th century CE in different parts of the country ... It was this region which gave birth to one the glorious and ancient world religion � the Gandhara civilization....

Foreign experts laud China's whole-process model

China Daily 05 Dec 2021
Democracy is a common value of humanity and an ideal pursued by ancient civilizations including China and cherished by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people, it said ... "It is rather an institutional evolutionary process in the long history of human civilizations."....

Soucheray: When we find ourselves in times of trouble …

Pioneer Press 05 Dec 2021
After multiple attempts and as many failures, I called a number and asked for either the 5-year-old, the 9-year-old or the 11-year-old. The 5-year-old was available. “Hello.’’ ... “Easy ... I did ... Among the belongings they carried into the house was an ancient red bass drum, maybe Civil War era, which I eyed covetously and soon enough actually acquired ... Paul ... ....

Worcester Living: The olive — fruit and its nectar from an ancient tree

Worcester Telegram 05 Dec 2021
While the olive may or may not be the choice of garnish for your cocktail (for James Bond it certainly wasn’t), this fruit has established itself in multiple civilizations since time immemorial. And the trees on which it grows are ancient ... In ancient times and modern, it is ......

Old Palace Marks Birth of Chinese Civilization

Ancient Origins 04 Dec 2021
The archaeologist told Chinese authorities that the site offers key physical evidence ‘for the pivotal role of the middle reaches of the Yellow River in the birth of Chinese civilization... 8 Ancient Chinese Inventions the West Had Not Imagined Lost Star of Myth and Time. The Rise and Fall of Civilizations Rethinking China's Ancient Origins....

Full Text: China: Democracy That Works

People Daily 04 Dec 2021
China's democracy is thriving alongside those of other countries in the garden of civilizations ... It has created a brilliant political civilization. All of five thousand years ago, ancient Chinese began to explore the concept that people are the foundation of a state ... Increasing Exchanges and Mutual Learning Between Civilizations....

Saving Notre Dame Cathedral

National Review 03 Dec 2021
Atheists and Christians alike were horrified to see an iconic symbol of Western civilization engulfed in flames ... Why are they supporting legislation that could arm the transgender movement’s efforts to silence dissent with the full force of the civil-rights bureaucracy?....

Gansu ruins shed light on ancient civilization

China Daily 02 Dec 2021
Archaeological ruins approximately 5,000 years old on the Loess Plateau may provide crucial clues about the infancy of Chinese civilization ... "These findings jointly reflect a strong public power, indicating this region had entered an era of civilization."....

Iraq: Archeologists discover remains of King Sin-Iddinam's palace in Larsa

Ruptly 01 Dec 2021
King Sin-Iddinam ruled the ancient near ... Larsa, or as locals call it, Tulul al-Sinkara, was an important city-state of ancient Sumer, the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia....

Post-conquest Aztec altar discovered in Mexico City

Taipei Times 01 Dec 2021
... to the ending of a cycle of their lives and of their civilization,” the ministry said in a statement ... A number of ancient discoveries in the Mexico City area in the past few years, including some in the capital’s bustling downtown, have shone light on the Aztec civilization....

Archaeologists uncover post-conquest Aztec altar in Mexico City

Reuters 01 Dec 2021
... replica of the Templo Mayor, the Aztec civilization's most sacred site, in downtown Mexico City. A number of ancient discoveries in the Mexico City area in recent years, including some in the capital's bustling downtown, have shone light on the Aztec civilization....

Forest classroom opens the door to experiential learning in West Paris

Lewiston Sun Journal 01 Dec 2021
... a backdrop to learn about civilizations like ancient Greece and Rome....

Stolen Ethiopian Artifacts Returned Home

OWP 01 Dec 2021
According to Ethiopia’s tourism minister, Nasise Challa, “Our country’s ancient civilization’s history, artifacts, fingerprints of indigenous knowledge, culture have been looted in war and smuggled out illegally.” It is imperative that artifacts that were stolen not only from ......