A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labor, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming as an agricultural practice, and expansionism.

Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.

Latest News for: Ancient civilization


Secret Tunnel To The Underworld... An Ancient Mayan Mystery

Bitchute 23 Jan 2021
... mysterious ancient civilization that built it....
photo: Creative Commons / crommelincklars
Billie Eilish @Pukkelpop 2019

Billie Eilish Wears Vegan Shoes. Should You?

Wall Street Journal 23 Jan 2021
Off Brand is a thrice-monthly column that delves into trends in fashion and beauty ... Animal skin has been the dominant footwear material since the early Mesopotamian civilization, despite some notable exceptions—ranging from silver and gold sandals in ancient Rome to mother-of-pearl shoes in 18th-century France. Leather is ideal for footwear....

GUEST APPEARANCE: Clean water not a partisan issue

Finger Lakes Times 23 Jan 2021
The history of civilization is the story of water technologies for cities and villages ... Each of these civilizations developed technologies to clean and transport water to people in ancient cities. According to research published in Scientific Reports on Oct. 22, 2020, the Maya used a zeolite treatment technology to help purify the water ... ....

Look Up

The Daily Journal 23 Jan 2021
If you read the Jan ... This happens on Sunday ... Look for the planet low in the western sky just after sunset according to ... -180 degrees at night ... states that since Mercury is visible without the need of a telescope, many ancient civilizations saw the planet, which makes it nearly impossible to determine who discovered it first ... ....

Thank You, Polybius

The Daily Journal 22 Jan 2021
It goes all the way back to ancient Greece and probably farther ... Polybius was the first to write that a mixed government made up of separate “branches” might be stable enough to survive the cycles of collapse, revolution, civil war and mob rule that had plagued the ancient city-states since the beginning of time....

Guangzhou exhibition brings ancient Peru to visitors 22 Jan 2021
An exhibition of cultural relics from the ancient civilization of the Andes in Peru will be launched at Guangdong Museum in Guangzhou, Guangdong province on Friday ... ....

Start acting like you care

Citrus County Chronicle 22 Jan 2021
Impeached twice, insurrection against the United States, lies and conspiracies every day it seems. Trump never wanted to be a real president and never acted like one from the beginning ... His supporters don’t wear masks ... As I look at the history of ancient civilizations that became extinct leaving cities abandoned without a trace, I can see why ... ....

Judi Lynn

Democratic Underground 21 Jan 2021
I'm not a "joiner" ... These discoveries ranged from some unique animal behavior, to new information concerning an ancient civilization, or information from all the way at the edge of the universe ... Judy Lynn a big thank you ... ....

Antiquarianism & Philhellenism | Athens | To April 30

Kathimerini 21 Jan 2021
... Collection of so-called Philhellenic art, connected to the independence movement and inspired by the themes of ancient Greek civilization and culture....