A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labor, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming as an agricultural practice, and expansionism.

Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.

Latest News for: Ancient civilization


‘Sword Guy’ will teach you about axes and then help you make one

Atlanta Journal 17 Jan 2020
A former science teacher, Wenderski explains in the event description he began his sword-making classes “out of a desire to make Ancient Civilizations class more hands on, and so is taught very interactively, with lots of archaeology, history, and physics connections being explored.”....

First desert polo tournament kicks off in Saudi Arabia’s AlUla as part of Winter at Tantora

Arab News 17 Jan 2020
A city that is rich with anthropological findings, historical anecdotes, and a depth of civilization.” ... The exceptional site of the city and its charming nature provides links to ancient civilizations and paints an accurate picture of past life, memories, and the stories of the long-gone dwellers of the old city....

Greater Bay Area, Zhengzhou chosen as sub-venues of Spring Festival Gala 2020 17 Jan 2020
Zhengzhou is chosen as a performance sub-venue of the Spring Festival Gala. [Photo/Official Weibo account of Spring Festival Gala] ... Located in the heart of the country, Zhengzhou, one of the eight ancient capitals of the nation, is at the core of the Yellow River civilization ... ....

CSCLF event promotes cultural exchange with India 17 Jan 2020
15 in Beijing. [Photo by Zhu Bochen/]. The Chinese and Indian Youth Cultural Exchange Day was held in Beijing on Jan ... Geetika Srivastava, counsellor at the Indian Embassy in Beijing, noted that China and India are both ancient civilizations and the two sides share a long history of interaction in her keynote speech during the event on Jan....

Few statehouses feature memorials to actual historical women

The Crescent News 17 Jan 2020
... Ohio governor), and seven Civil War generals including Ulysses S ... “Who are these seven men?” asks a trivia question for tourists at the base of the Civil War statue, which is topped by a statue of a woman from ancient Rome whose sons were prominent in the military and politics....

China, Italy welcome cultural and tourism feast in 2020

China Daily 17 Jan 2020
Embed Video ... The year-long event will feature nearly 100 cultural and tourism activities in both countries, ranging from performing arts and visual arts to cultural heritage, tourism and creative design ... "China and Italy are two representative ancient civilizations in the East and West ... It will bring large exhibitions to China."  ...